Cockroaches have lived on the earth for over 500 million years. Cockroaches are nocturnal in habit, some domestic species are omnivorous, they are addicted to starchy or sweetened matter of various kinds, they also attack food, paper, meat and dead insects. In India shows wide spread presence of following 4 cockroaches species. German Cockroaches (Blattella germanica), American Cockroaches (Periplaneta americana), Brown banded cockroaches (Supella supellectilium),Oriental Cockroaches- (Blatta orientalis) Managing cockroaches is not easy. First thing to do is to determine where the roaches are located. The more hiding places are located and managed, the more successful the control program will be. Some locations may be difficult to get to. Reduction of food and water sources and hiding places is essential. If cockroaches have access to food, baits (which are a primary control tool) have limited effect and sprays alone will not eliminate cockroaches.
Although sprays may provide a quick, temporary knockdown of cockroaches, they do not give long-term control. They might just disperse cockroaches to other areas of the building from which they may return later. Also, some cockroaches have become resistant to many insecticides that formerly controlled them, Organic pesticides can be used for this kind of treatment. In Case of American cockroach infestation, spraying inside drainage manholes is a must, since its the perfect breeding place for them.
Cockroaches gel bait is an excellent solution to the problem of both the indoor and outdoor cockroaches that plague many premises. This long-lasting and highly effective method of eradicating cockroaches has become very popular among individuals as well as professionals because of its long-lasting results and ease of use. The gel works by poisoning the cockroaches who eat it. The affected cockroaches then transfer gel to their nests where additional roaches are killed.
Preventive measures are the key to successful control. It is easier to prevent a cockroach invasion than to control an established population. The success of preventive measures requires care, Planning and sustained the effort. Cleanliness in the home and elimination of favourable breeding sites lessens the possibility of cockroach infestations and reduces the need for pesticides, but these practices will not always prevent invasions from outside sources.